How bills are named
Bills are named according to their body of origin, so each bill will be either a House Bill (HB) or a Senate Bill (SB). Bills are then numbered in the order in which they are filed. Bills central to state operations, such as budget bills, hold a reserved place as the first bills filed. Note that not all bills filed get numbered, as new bill files can be opened shortly after a previous legislative session, and some are abandoned or never completed. Sponsoring legislators choose to have their bills numbered when they are ready to make a bill public. Often drafts of bills in development remain confidential until the bill sponsor is ready to have it numbered.
Click here to find out how many bills have been filed by each legislator.
Not all legislation is enacted in the form of a bill. Sometimes resolutions, instead of bills, are passed to express legislative intent. There are three types of resolutions:
- Simple resolutions (HRs and SRs) – Need only pass in the house of origin and initiate action involving only that house, such as establishing a committee or altering the house’s rules, though some resolutions push for broader policy themes. Resolutions are named according to their body of origin — House or Senate Resolutions (HRs and SRs).
- Joint resolutions (HJRs and SJRs) – Must pass in both the House and the Senate and are used for matters involving both houses, such as appointing joint committees, issuing joint communiques, or proposing to amend the Utah Constitution. Joint Resolutions are named according to their body of origin — House or Senate Resolutions (HJRs and SJRs).
- Concurrent resolutions – Must pass in both the House and Senate and be signed by the governor and are used to express the position of the state on a specific matter
All bills and resolutions, once they are numbered, can be viewed and tracked through the state legislative website at: le.gov.utah. The total number of open bill files are listed by legislator here. Bills can be searched by legislator, subject, committee, or year here.